50 million people suffer from epilepsy
Sudden, temporary disturbance of electric balance in the brain.
It causes a shortcircuit in the brain resulting in a seizure.
In some countries people and families are being discriminated due to epilepsy.
- Unknown: 60%
- Brain damage or brain disease
Braintumors, infection of the brain (encephalitis) or meninges (meningitis), stroke, after an accident , after lack of oxygen to the brain.
One seizure doesn’t equal epilepsy!
Various types of epilepsy give various types of seizures:
- Loss of consciousness
- Shaking of arms and legs
- Strange rising sensation in stomach area
- Repetitive movements such as rubbing, mumbling
- Strange smell
- Hearing noises
- Awake, but no contact with environment
After a seizure
- Less reactive
- Muscle pain
- Temporary weakness of body
Medication: 70% of the patients are well treated with medication.
30% have medical intractable epilepsy (not well treated with medication).
They may benefit from:
- Ketogenic diet
- Neuromodulation (implanting device to regulate seizures)
- Brain surgery
In rare cases epilepsy can cause severe brain damage leading to death.
Preventing a seizure
Life a healthy lifestyle
Avoid flickering lights
Moderate alcohol intake
Newly diagnosed people with epilepsia are not aloud to drive until they are seizure free for at least 1 year. Be aware while swimming or taking a bath.
A seizure during these activities can lead to drowning!
- Keep calm!
- Lay the person on/her side.
- Never try to open the person’s mouth during seizure!
- Support the person’s head.
- Remove sharp objects from surroundings.